On November 19, 1493, Christopher Columbus reached the shores of our land and
made a rare ceremony through which he said: "I take possession of this land in the name
of the King and Queen of Spain." In this way, that strange thief of other’s land, dared to
perform such an act of stealing and looting of the sacred island of Borikén. In his first
letter to the king and queen of Spain, on his return from his first voyage to the West
Indies and after visiting several islands of the archipelago, Columbus tells the monarchs
as follows: "... and all of them I have taken possession for their Highnesses by
proclamation and extended the royal banner, and I was not contradicted". And what else
could Colón expect, if the Tainos did not know what he was saying in his Spanish
language? Such daring, to say that he took possession of all the islands by proclamation,
which means that he proclaimed verbally, or said it in a loud voice, and extended the
royal flag, ie, the actual Spanish flag waving and nobody told him otherwise. This is
actually a mockery of historical reality and under no circumstances this act could mean
having acquired the land legally and legitimately. It is obvious that, Christopher
Columbus, by just pronouncing that phrase in a foreign language to the inhabitants of our
land, could never have acquired a legitimate title to it. The name of usurper would fit
him better.

After the claim of Columbus, in the year 1493, Pope Alexander VI issued the Bull
“Inter Caetera”, through which he made a "donation" of the lands sighted by Columbus
to him and to the Crown of Spain. In this Bull , Pope Borgia says: “ the authority of
Almighty God, to us in Saint Peter granted and by the vicariate of Jesus Christ that we
have on these lands, with all of the manors, towns, forces, villas, rights, jurisdictions and
all their belongings, from the tenor of those present, I give, grant and assign them forever
to you and the king and queen of Castille and Leon, your heirs and successors ...” With
this Bull, what has been historically known as “The Doctrine of Discovery ", was
established. Through it, the invasion, dispossession and genocide of native peoples is
blessed. Today it has been considered as illegal and immoral. Years later Fray Anton de
Montesinos answered this bull from the pulpit of the Cathedral of Santo Domingo, telling
the “encomenderos”, including Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy, this: "Tell me, by what
right and with what justice do you keep these Indians in such cruel and horrible
servitude? By which authority have you waged such detestable wars against these people
who were in their lands, calm and peaceful, where an infinite number of them, with
unheard deaths and devastation have you exterminated? How do you keep them so
oppressed and weary, without eating or healing them in sickness, which from excessive
work become ill and die, or rather, you kill them, just to extract and acquire gold every
day?" From the beginning of colonization, there were great voices, as well that of Fray
Bartolomé de las Casas, who questioned the legality of the same. Many others also spoke
out against the "legitimacy" of the plunder, theft and exploitation that Spain exercised in
America, therefore the colonists never had a legitimate title to our lands.
It is obvious that neither Columbus nor the king and queen of Spain never had a
legitimate title to the lands he sighted in his travels to the Caribbean and America.
Especially so, when these lands were inhabited by a large and vast Taino nation
stretching from much of the Lesser Antilles, to the Major, up to the Lucayas (The
Bahamas today). Almost, all of the Caribbean islands were densely populated by the
Taino Nation, and although each island was ruled by different governments, they entailed
a social, economic, ethnic, cultural and spiritual unity. What Christopher Columbus did
was to perform a vile act of usurpation of lands that had their legitimate sovereign
owners, the Tainos.

Our original ancestors had been living on this land for over five thousand years
before the Spanish invasion in 1508. The Taino people built a nation in every sense of the
word. They had a stable population, a common language, a political system, its own
culture, a defined territory, the ability to engage in international relations with other
nations and genuine sovereignty. The latter was demonstrated when Agüeybaná the Great
and Juan Ponce de León held a guaitiao ceremony through which a pact of mutual
recognition, non-aggression and trade agreement was made. With this treaty the Spanish
Crown - thru Juan Ponce de Leon, who was his representative in Borikén recognized all
these elements that were defining of the sovereignty of the Taino Nation.
The Taino Nation was the sovereign owner of the archipelago that is now
comprised by Borinken Island, Vieques, Culebra and other adjacent ones. With the
course of history, other ethnic groups settled in this area and the Taino merged with the
originary arawk population. However, the main trunk of this integration was and is the
Taino. This is indicative that there is historical and blood continuity.
The Spanish invasion of 1508 marked an important milestone in the life of the
Taino people because the style and normal ways of political, cultural and economic
operation of the Tainos was interrupted. Nevertheless, the Taino Nation went on, despite
the presence of foreign elements who tried to usurp their sovereignty and their ancient
rights. With the historical evolution, the Taino Nation became the Boricua Nation,
delegating to its heirs all sovereign rights over the land of the “borinkeño” archipelago.
The hispanophile’s theory that the Taino Nation was wiped out by the settlers is totally
false. Today it has been proven through serious scientific DNA testing that over 62% of
the Puerto Rican people has Taino Indian blood in their veins from the mother line. This
means that for that percentage to be so high , over 600 thousand Taíno women, survived
the Spanish colonization only on the island of Borikén.

During the centuries after the Spanish invasion ie 16, 17 , 18 and 19 centuries, in
those 400 years, the Boricua people's resistance against the illegal presence of the
on our land did not cease. Indigenous resistance went on thru the 16th century. This is
demonstrated by historical documents. Eventually, with the integration of “Criollos”,
African and Taino descendants, the Boricua Nation, natural heir of the Taino Nation,
developed. Therefore, the natural sovereignty possessed by the Taino Nation was
transferred to the Boricua Nation, by blood inheritance. In the nineteenth century the
latter successfully matured socially, politically, culturally and economically, reaching its
highest expression of strength in the Grito de Lares, held on September 23, 1868.
Although this heroic effort failed to end the illegal Spanish intervention in our country, it
was a landmark of high moral and political significance, since our Nationality and our
First Provisional Independent Government were established.

Subsequently, the Boricua Nation continued to fight for its sovereignty, human
and civil rights to achieve the abolition of slavery on March 21, 1873. With this
achievement, the human rights of a large segment of our population that were kidnapped
and brought to our land against their will and were subjected to the ignominy of the brutal
practice of slavery for centuries, were protected. By the late nineteenth century, after the
tenacious struggle of our people, to get rid of foreign control over our land, the Spanish
Crown had to admit the establishment of our political autonomy. With this act, Spain
recognized the international legal personality of our people. On July 25, 1898 , following
the Spanish-Cuban-American War, the troops of the Army of the United States illegally
invaded our land, usurping our sovereignty and imposing a new colonial regime in
violation of all our civil and political rights. As a result of this war, the U.S. government
imposed the Treaty of Paris on Spain in the same year, through which it forced the Crown
to hand over our islands to the dominion of that country. However, this Treaty is invalid
for several reasons:

1. Because Spain could not "dispose" of what was not hers,

2. Because our people was already a nation with established international legal
personality, which prevented the metropolis to deliver us to the new empire as war booty,

3. Because our people was an indispensable part of any negotiations that involved our
territory and our sovereignty, and we were not taken into account,

4. Because the U.S. threatened Spain with continuing the war, taking the Canary Islands
and even invade their territory, which invalidates the Treaty because it was been made
under threat.

Besides, this colonial regime was rejected by the vast majority of the intellectuals
and politicians of that time. Since that moment, a new resistance struggle took shape in
the social and political movements that repudiated this action by the U.S. government.
The strongest resistance of that time, was made by the Nationalist Party, led by Dr. Pedro
Albizu Campos. Since the 1930s, a real war began between the nationalist forces and the
colonial powers, which consisted of the colonial police and the government of the United
States. As a result of this war, dozens of Puerto Ricans were killed or imprisoned for
decades, among them Don Pedro Albizu Campos, who spent nearly three decades of his
life imprisoned by the colonial regime. On October 30, 1950, the Nationalist Party held
an uprising against the colonial dominance of the foreign invader, U.S. government and
their domestic allies. As a result of this uprising The Second Independent Government
was declared. Later on, a nationalist command attempted to execute President Harry S.
Truman at Blair House in Washington, D.C. In 1954, another nationalist command
opened fire on several congressmen in the Congress of the United USA as a way to bring
attention to the world of our colonial status. These Puerto Rican patriots were arrested
and endured long prison sentences in the dungeons of that country.
In an effort to maintain control over our territory illegally, since 1948, the
government of the United States, led out a spurious process in the United Nations and
with our people, through ruse and deception, by which it succeeded in circumventing the
decisions of that body on international law. In 1952, the U.S. government promoted a
referendum where our people would approve an alleged constitution, whose origin and
final decision was in the hands of the colonial power. At that historical moment, our
country was occupied by more than 15 thousand troops of the United States and much of
our territory was plagued with military bases. Under such conditions of military
occupation, which were obviously intimidating, the alleged referendum, whose results
were to be expected, was carried out. As a result, the so-called Commonwealth was
established. The Free Associated State (Commonwealth) is actually a historical fiction,
created with the sole purpose of duping the United Nations and the Puerto Rican people.
The U.S. government used this trick to get the UN approval in 1953 through Resolution
748, which took out our country from the list of colonial territories. This colonial
monstrosity has demonstrated that it no longer works and that the serious crisis facing
people is essentially due to the maintenance of a colonial regime that has lasted illegally
for over a century.

As a result of maintaining the colonial regime, promoted by blood and fire by the
U.S. government, the Puerto Rican people have lived under a psychological state of
subordination and intimidation. They has been led to believe that since it is a small
island, it lacks natural resources for our sustenance and that, therefore, we have to
for our survival on the “gifts” offered by the foreign government. This, even though we
know there are islands smaller than Borinken in the Caribbean archipelago, which are
free, sovereign and independent. Furthermore, the government of the United States,
through its repressive forces, has carried out a systematic campaign of persecution and
repression of the forces that have fought consequently for the national liberation of our
country. They have established a colonial police force, controlled by their intelligence
agencies, which serve as a contention wall to the desire for freedom of our people. This
colonial police have gotten to the point of murdering young pro independence Boricuas,
just for wanting to liberate their homeland from colonialism. They have established a
systematic persecution campaign against those who defend and profess the ideal of
independence and sovereignty.

The Government of the United States has plunged our people into a grave and
serious social, political, economic, cultural, psychological and spiritual crisis, of
historical character, as a result of having subjected our people under a colonial regime
114 years. It is due to the colonial rule that the foreign government over our country, that
it is subjected to a constant blood bath, produced by uncontrollable social violence. This
social violence has left a balance of more than 4,000 people dead in the last four years.
Unemployment is rampant due to the control that U.S. transnational corporations exert on
our economy, which is a colonial enclave economy. The Government of the United
States has declined during those 114 years, to allow our people a genuine
process, with the sole purpose of keeping us under the thumb of their
colonial control. In addition, it has refused to comply with Resolution 1514 (XV) of the
United Nations , adopted on December 14, 1960 which states, inter alia, the following:
5. Immediate steps shall be taken, in Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories or all other
territories which have not yet attained independence, to transfer all powers to the
peoples of those territories, without any conditions or reservations, in accordance with
their freely expressed will and desire, without any distinction as to race, creed or color, in
order to enable them to enjoy complete independence and freedom.

6. Any attempt aimed at the partial or total disruption of the national unity and the
territorial integrity of a country is incompatible with the purposes and principles of the
Charter of the United Nations.

7. All States shall observe faithfully and strictly the provisions of the Charter of the United
Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the present Declaration on the
basis of equality, non-interference in the internal affairs of all States, and respect for the
sovereign rights of all peoples and their territorial integrity.


1. Having illegally invaded our country on July 25, 1898.

2. Have denied us the right to our sovereignty and having left us out of the
negotiations with the imperial Spanish metropolis, even when at that date we were
an independent and not belligerent People.

3. Having installed a tyrannical, totalitarian and dictatorial government in our
country against the wishes of our fellow citizens from 1898 to 1948.

4. Having subjected our people to a system of colonial exploitation and political
repression, chasing and imprisoning those who aspire to the freedom of our

5. Having established racist policies against our people by determining, unilaterally,
to convert us an "Unincorporated territory" of the U.S. without the consent of the
Puerto Rican citizens.

6. Having imposed imperial courts and laws without our consent since the invasion
to date.

7. Having usurped our territory without the consent of our people.

8. Having compulsorily recruited thousands of our young and taking them to fight
and die, like cannon fodder, in wars that have not been declared by our people and
with which we have not had anything to do.

9. Having used some of our homeland for bombing practices, military exercises and
chemical weapons testing, even though Puerto Ricans live in these municipalities.
Many of these citizens were dispossessed and forced to migrate elsewhere.

10. Having converted us into a captive market for enterprises and corporations with
the sole purpose of extracting from us the greatest possible economic benefit and
having destroyed most of the Puerto Rican entrepreneurs.

11. Having deceived our people and the United Nations by establishing a fake self
with the sole purpose of erasing the name of our nation from the list of colonial
territories of that organism, and thus deny us the sacred right to self determination and

12. Having lied to the nations of the world by keeping a colonial regime that is
proscribed by international law in force.

13. Having refused to transfer sovereign powers to our people, under Resolution 1514
(XV) of the United Nations, adopted on December 14, 1960 and, therefore,
keeping our people subjected to a colonial rule.

14. Having curtailed our trade with all other nations of the world.

15. Having controlled our customs and immigration services, deriving great economic
benefits that have not been delivered to our People and also limiting the access of
different people and personalities to Puerto Rican land when it pleases them, and
in a unilateral way.

16. Having tried multiple defenders of our liberty in their territory, far from their
homeland and their loved ones, and keeping several of them in foreign jails.

17. Having imposed taxes on us without our consent.

18. Having imposed their laws arbitrarily without our People s approval, including the
alleged 1952 Constitution, which was altered by the U.S. Congress.

19. Having being banned of the use of our maritime rights, including the right to the
Territorial Sea 200 nautical miles.

20. Having unconstitutionally placed the military and naval authorities over the civil
colonial power and authorities of the country before, during and after the epic
struggle of the Puerto Ricans to free the town of Vieques of the abuses of such
military naval authorities.

21. Having imposed on our people the entry and stay of foreigners on our land and
placing them in a position to unduly influence Borinken’s internal processes and
against and above our best national interests.

22. Having irresponsibly fostered an extremely colonized mentality, with the purpose
of molding the Boricua People into a dependent nation, subjugated and
conditioned to despise themselves and think and live as slaves, incapable of
wanting to take control of their destiny.

23. Having encouraged a deep political division within our Boricua Nation and
having fueled such division with its attendant wars between Puerto Ricans, in
order to establish their hegemony and political ascendance on our people.

24. Having encouraged the most comprehensive economic and psychological
dependence in our People with their cash transfers, risking our Boricua People s
real economic and social catastrophe at the eventual and inevitable cessation in
such cash flows, given the instability of their national fiscal policy.

25. Having institutionalized anti-democracy in the Boricua Nation by imposing a
regime of political subordination in which we lack equality with other peoples of
the world.

26. Having used a portion of our population, especially our women as guinea pigs in
birth control experiments and others of unknown nature.

For all the exposed and under the rights that are granted to all free and sovereign
peoples of the world, we, the representatives of the Holy Nation of Borinken, meeting in
General Assembly , appealing to the heritage that our ancestors have bequeathed on us
and to the Creative Forces of the Universe, with the International Community and
especially the nations of our continent as witnesses, with the authority that comes from
being the sole legitimate heirs and owners of this land, solemnly declare that:

The lands comprising the islands of Borinken, Vieques and Culebra, inhabited by
Borinken citizens are free and sovereign;

From this moment on, there are no colonial ties that bind us and subordinate to the
laws and plans of the Government of United States of America;

We do not recognize the authority nor the legality of the Colonial Government
imposed and maintained by the Government of Spain, during the 400 years of their rule
over our land, nor the one established by the Government of the United States over the
last 114 years;

Neither do we recognize the authority, or the legality of the Government of Spain in
those 400 years, nor the United States government upon us from 1898 to the present day;
We demand the Government of the United States of America, the Government of
Spain and the Roman Catholic and Apostolic Church, for reasonable compensation for all
damages suffered by our people as a result of having been submitted to their respective
colonial regimes in the last 500 years;

Given the social meltdown and severe economic and political crisis in which our
people is as a result of the colonial regime that oppresses us, we decided to establish a
sovereign government free from interference and intervention by the United States,
protected by existing international law which shelters all peoples, victims of colonial rule
in the world;

Like all free and sovereign states in the world, We take our own sovereignty, with full
rights to enter into alliances and treaties with whom We so deem appropriate, establish
trade relations with all countries of the world, request recognition of all international
organizations, particularly those operating in our continent as ALBA, UNASUR,
CELAC, CARICOM, OAS and others;

And so that it is on record, we issue this statement, with firm reliance on the positive
forces of the universe, and the commitment to not stop or falter until we have achieved
our main purpose to establish a Sovereign Motherland, without interference from outside
forces that limit us in exercising our freedom and sovereignty; so today we decided to
assert our inalienable right to the establishment of the National Sovereign State of
Borinken, who’s structuring and final organization will take place eventually.

Adopted today September 21, 2012, at 11:49 a.m. at Rio Piedras, Borinken.
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IHRAAM DIrector Francis A. Boyle delivered a lecture at Puerto Rico and
the Puerto Ricans Versus  115  Years of Yankee Imperialism and
Colonialism" . A Spanish language video from the Conference is
here. English is here

© 2013 by Francis A. Boyle.  All rights reserved.

Americas, in early 1992 I was asked by the Organizers of the International Tribunal of
Indigenous Peoples and Oppressed Nations in the U.S.A. to serve as Special
Prosecutor of the United States of America for committing international crimes against
Indigenous Peoples, People of Color, and Oppressed Nationalities, including and
especially Puerto Rico and the Puerto Ricans.  The Tribunal was initiated by the
American Indian Movement (AIM) with the support of representatives of the Puerto
Rican People, the New Afrikan People, the Mexicano People, and “progressive White
North Americans.” Of course, I do not consider myself to be a "White North American."
I was born Irish. During the past 850 years of resisting one of the most brutal and
cruel colonial occupations in the history of humankind, we Irish know what the denial
of self-determination, genocide, and gross violations of our most fundamental human
rights are all about in our beloved Ireland and abroad, which atrocities still continue
as of today.  We Irish still fondly remember and greatly appreciate that Pedro Albizu
Compos stood up for us at Anglophile Harvard a century ago.

In my capacity as Special Prosecutor of the United States Federal Government, I drew
up an Indictment under international law that was served upon the Attorney General
of the United States and the United States Attorney in San Francisco prior to the
convening of the Tribunal in that city just before "Columbus Day" on October 2-4, 1992
with a demand that they appear to defend the United States government from the
charges. I take it they saw no point in trying to defend the indefensible because no
one showed up to defend the United States government, though they did publicly
acknowledge receipt of our service of process. I will not go through all 37 charges of
my Indictment here. But the proceedings of this pathbreaking International Tribunal
have been recorded in a formal Verdict by the Tribunal; in a Video of the Tribunal; and
in a Book on the Tribunal--all under the title U.S.A. On Trial: The International Tribunal
on Indigenous Peoples and Oppressed Nations in the United States.

Six months after the conclusion of these San Francisco Tribunal proceedings, I was
the Lawyer and Ambassador for the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina arguing its
case for genocide against Yugoslavia before the International Court of Justice in The
Hague, the World Court of the United Nations System. There I would singlehandedly
win two World Court Orders overwhelmingly in favor of Bosnia against Yugoslavia to
cease and desist from committing all acts of genocide against the Bosnians on 8 April
1993 and 13 September 1993. I treated the San Francisco Tribunal proceedings with as
much care, attention, dignity, respect, and professionalism as I did the World Court
proceedings for Bosnia.  And the results were the same: massive, overwhelming,
crushing victories for my clients at both the World Court and the San Francisco

For the purpose of this Lecture, I want to briefly discuss the eight charges that I filed
against the United States government for committing international crimes against the
People and State of Puerto Rico. I believe that these eight charges succinctly state
the fundamental principles of international law concerning Puerto Rico and the Puerto
Ricans. Obviously, these eight charges of my Indictment cannot answer all the
questions the Puerto Rican People might have with respect to international law. But I
do submit that these eight charges provide a solid foundation for providing guidance
to the Puerto Rican People as to your basic rights under international law that can be
used in the future in order to navigate problems and issues as they arise to confront

The distinguished Judges composing this International Tribunal consisted of seven
independent Experts on human rights drawn from all over the world. In their Verdict,
Preliminary Findings, and Order of 4 October 1992, the Indigenous Peoples' Tribunal
did not accept all of the 37 charges that I filed in my Indictment against the United
States government for perpetrating international crimes against Indigenous Peoples,
People of Color, and Oppressed Nations. But most strikingly, when it came to the
Puerto Rican People, the International Tribunal accepted all of my charges against the
United States government, and by a unanimous vote at that.  In its own words, the
exact findings of this Tribunal on the People and State of Puerto Rico were as follows:

Puerto Rican People

With respect to the charges brought by the Puerto Rican People, the Defendant, the
federal Government of the United States of America is, by unanimous vote, guilty as
charged in:

Since its illegal invasion of Puerto Rico in 1898, Defendant has perpetrated
innumerable Crimes Against Peace, Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes against
the People and State of Puerto Rico as recognized by the Nuremberg Charter,
Judgment, and Principles.

The Defendant has perpetrated the International Crime of Genocide against the
Puerto Rican People as recognized by the 1948 Genocide Convention.

The Defendant has perpetrated the International Crime of Apartheid against the
Puerto Rican People as recognized by the 1973 Apartheid Convention.

The Defendant has perpetrated a gross and consistent pattern of violations of the
most fundamental human rights of the Puerto Rican People as recognized by the 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the two aforementioned United Nations
Human Rights Covenants of 1966.

The Defendant has perpetrated a gross and consistent pattern of violations of the
1965 Racism Convention against the Puerto Rican People.

The Defendant has denied and violated the international legal right of the Puerto
Rican People to self-determination as recognized by the United Nations Charter, the
two United Nations Human Rights Covenants of 1966, customary international law, and
jus cogens.

The Defendant has illegally refused to apply the United Nations Decolonization
Resolution of 1960 to Puerto Rico. Pursuant thereto, the Defendant has an absolute
international legal obligation to decolonize Puerto Rico immediately and to transfer all
powers it currently exercises there to the Puerto Rican People.

The Defendant has illegally refused to accord full-scope protections as Prisoners-of-
War to captured Puerto Rican independence fighters in violation of the Third Geneva
Convention of 1949 and Additional Protocol I thereto of 1977. The Defendant's
treatment of captured Puerto Rican independence fighters as "common criminals"
and "terrorists" constitutes a "grave breach" of the Geneva Accords and thus a
serious war crime.

As Special Prosecutor for the Tribunal, it came as no surprise to me that the Judges
unanimously accepted all of my charges against the United States government with
respect to the People and State of Puerto Rico. This is because the principles of
international law with respect to Puerto Rico and the Puerto Ricans are incontestible,
and thus so glaringly obvious for the entire world to see. I most respectfully submit
that the Puerto Rican People must use this analysis and the Tribunal's Verdict,
Preliminary Findings, and Order in order to support, promote, and defend your basic
rights under international law, including your right to self-determination and establish
the independent state of Puerto Rico if that is your desire.

In the final section of its Verdict, the San Francisco Tribunal also rendered the
following unanimous decision that directly concerns the international legal rights of
the People and State of Puerto Rico:


In light of the foregoing findings, this Tribunal also, by unanimous vote, finds the
Defendant guilty as charged in paragraph 37, which, as amended, reads:

In light of the foregoing international crimes, the Defendant constitutes a Criminal
Conspiracy and a Criminal Organization in accordance with the Nuremberg Charter,
Judgment, and Principles and the other sources of public international law specified
above, and the Federal Government of the United States of America is similar to the
Nazi government of World War II Germany.  

This powerful Finding speaks for itself and requires no explanation by me.  

The Tribunal concluded its Verdict with the following Order to the United States
government: "Now therefore, it is ordered, adjudged and decreed that the Defendant
cease and desist from the commission of the crimes it has been found guilty of
herein." Pursuant thereto, I then filed a copy of this San Francisco Verdict with its
Cease and Desist Order upon the Attorney General of the United States of America in
Washington, D.C.

In return, I later received a 5 February 1993 Letter from the U.S. Department of Justice
that acknowledged the receipt of the San Francisco Tribunal Verdict and its Cease
and Desist Order against the United States government. This U.S. D.O.J Letter then
advised me: “If you, or the Tribunal, have any evidence of the violation of federal
criminal law, we ask that you provide that information to your local office of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation.”

As I saw it at the time, and still see it as of today, historically this would be analogous
to the Nazi Ministry of “Justice” advising a German lawyer representing the Jews to
file his Complaint of criminal law violations by the Nazi government against the Jews
with the Gestapo. The F.B.I is and has always been the American Gestapo -- especially
for all Peoples of Color living within its imperial domain.

Nevertheless, the Verdict, Preliminary Findings, and Order of this San Francisco
Tribunal qualify as a "judicial decision" within the meaning of Article 38(1)(d) of the
Statute of the International Court of Justice. Pursuant thereto, this Verdict,
Preliminary Findings, and Order constitute "subsidiary means for the determination of
rules of law" for international law and practice. Furthermore, the Statute of the
International Court of Justice is an "integral part" of the United Nations Charter under
Article 92 thereof. Hence the San Francisco Tribunal's Verdict, Preliminary Findings,
and Order can be relied upon by the International Court of Justice itself, by the
International Criminal Court, by some other International Tribunal, or by any other
Court in the world today, as well as by any People or State of the World Community --
including and especially by Puerto Rico and the Puerto Ricans. The Verdict of the San
Francisco Tribunal still serves as adequate notice to the appropriate officials in the
United States Federal Government that they bear personal criminal responsibility
under international law and the domestic legal systems of all Peoples and States in
the World Community for designing and implementing these illegal, criminal and
reprehensible policies and practices against Indigenous Peoples and Peoples of
Color living in North America, and especially against Puerto Rico and the Puerto

Obviously, in my brief presentation here today, I do not have the time to go through
each and every one of these eight charges; to discuss all of the factual evidence that
supported these eight charges; or to provide you with an analysis of the international
legal bases for each one of these eight charges. For that type of information, I refer
you to the Video and the Book on the San Francisco Tribunal as well as to its Verdict,
Preliminary Findings, and Order itself. But in the discussions that follow today, I will
be happy to respond to any questions you might have.

Thank you.
Puerto Rico and the Puerto Ricans Versus
115 Years of Yankee Imperialism and Colonialism
By Professor Francis A. Boyle
University of Puerto Rico
September 20, 2013

Amnesty Petition for Puerto Rican Political Prisoners

San Juan, Puerto Rico,August 28, 1999
IHRAAM Director Professor Francis A. Boyle before the
United Nations
Special Committee on Decolonization on Behalf of the National
Sovereign State of Borinken

June 23, 2014
IHRAAM Director Francis A. Boyle addressed the Committee on June 23,
2015 on behalf of the National Sovereign State of Borinken.  
Statement to United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization
on Behalf of the National Sovereign State of Borinken
June 20, 2016
Statement to United Nations Special Committee on
Decolonization on Behalf of the National Sovereign State of
June 19, 2017