|An international NGO in consultative status with the United Nations
|The book for the post-Civil Rights struggle
While African Americans have achieved civil rights, it has not ended
their collective oppression in America. This book is a pathbreaker for
the next stage in the struggle, and key to understanding the special
rights African Americans enjoy under international law.
IHRAAM is the premier UN recognized international NGO doing
substantive work in the United States as it relates to international law
and African Americans' international legal right to self-determination.
|HUMAN RIGHTS AND SELF- DETERMINATION? sought to catalyze a turning point in
the African American struggle.
The Civil Rights movement that Martin Luther King assumed, five decades ago, would
be “not long” in bringing “freedom” is now history. Affirmative action has shot its bolt.
While its achievements are evident—Black faces appear in mainstream politics,
academia, corporations and the media—the African American people at large face
ongoing discrimination, mass incarceration and unemployment, prohibitive voting laws,
growing destitution and legalized vigilante terrorism.
The IHRAAM Conference provided a major mechanism to engage leading African
American political thinkers in examining the potential that international human rights
law and norms, and best state practices on internal self- determination might hold for
African American collective development within the United States in the future.
Key representatives from the African American popular leadership and intelligentsia
flew into Chicago from all corners–-California, Georgia, Illinois, Mississippi, New York,
South Carolina, Washington, and Virginia—to assess, in this context, where the African
American struggle had been, where it was now, and the direction it had to go to move
Speakers focused on the key issues of the recognition,maintenance and protection of
African Americans’ collective identity, their need for collective social and economic
development, and the significance of a territorial homeland.
Most importantly, they agreed on the need for a democratically empowered political
body such as a Consultative Assembly to specifically represent and act on behalf of the
unique needs of African Americans. As a historically oppressed people, African
Americans have the right to self-determination under international law.
Is the African American Struggle Heading
in a New
Dr. Farid I. Muhammad
Memorial Tribute to Dr. Y. N. Kly
Diana Collier Kly
PANEL ONE: CIVIL RIGHTS:
NECESSARY BUT NOT
Understanding Who You Are
From Hallowed to Hollowed Victories:
Black Civil Rights and the Post-Racialism
Dr. Tyson King-Meadows
Dying While Black
Prof. Vernalia Randall
PANEL TWO: INTERNAL SELF-
External Self-determination and Internal
Self-determination in Quebec, Canada
Prof. Daniel Turp
Seeking Sovereignty: The Need for an
Dr. Ava Muhammad
Using International Human Rights to
Prof. Carla Pratt
African Americans’ Right to Self-
Francis A. Boyle
PANEL THREE: COLLECTIVE
National Survey on African American Self-
Dr. Farid I. Muhammad
Do We Need Self-Determining Institutions?
Atty. Chokwe Lumumba
The Land is the Key
Dr. John Boyd
Policy Drives African American Conditions
Henry L. English
Economics of Self-Determination: The
Afrikan Descendant Nation in America
PANEL FOUR: USING THE UN TO
ADVANCE AFRICAN AMERICAN
Using the UN to Pressure America
Atty. Standish Willis
Disya We Land: Continued Self-
Determination of the Gullah'Geechee
Minority Rights: Some Questions &
Y.N. Kly & Diana Kly
CONFERENCE SPEAKERS' BIOS
Authoritative African American and
international legal scholars of stature as
well as primary actors from the African
American community who are actively
engaged with African American
organizations and institutions.
CONFERENCE PRESS RELEASE
SUGGESTED PRE-CONFERENCE READING
|SOME THINGS TO THINK ABOUT
|HELP EXPAND AWARENESS.
HERE'S WHAT YOU CAN DO
meetings, rallies to show to others.
selling this book at your events
they do a review or an interview with
IHRAAM or one of the Conference
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