August 23, 2011.

    Human Rights Council
    Agenda Item 9
    Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related forms of intolerance

    Written Statement submitted by the International Human Rights Association of American
    Minorities (IHRAAM), an international NGO in Consultative Status (Roster)

    The African American National Minority Remains Significantly Less Well Off Than White
    Americans With Trends Downward Despite High Visibility of Black Individuals  

    Many momentous changes have occurred in recent years that appear to foreground an improvement in the situation of
    peoples in African descent in the United States, not least the election to the presidency of a Black American, and the
    appointment to positions of prominence in that administration of other persons of African descent, notably as Attorney
    General, and within the United Nations diplomatic ranks, as well as within the national media.

    However, this heightened visibility of individuals of African descent on the domestic and international stage neither reflects
    nor ensures an entrenched or ongoing improvement in the overall situation of the African American national minority itself.  
    While historically, the unemployment rate for African Americans has always been higher than the national average, it is
    presently at Depression-era levels. The most recent figures reported by CBS News on June 19, 2011 show African American
    joblessness at 16.2 percent. For black males, it's at 17.5 percent; and for black teens, it's nearly 41 percent, almost three
    times that of the national unemployment average.

    According to the National Urban League’s yearly report on the State of Black America, this year’s findings show not only that
    black America is significantly less well off financially and health-wise in comparison to white Americans, but that the trend is
    downward. African-Americans’ 2011 Equality Index is currently 71.5%, compared to last year’s 72.1%. The decrease was
    driven by a decline in the economics index, from 57.9% to 56.9%, and the health index, from 76.7% to 75.0%, which the
    report said was driven by children’s health.  In addition, in the area of social justice, the equality index fell from 57.9% to
    56.9%, the health index from 76.6% to75%, education from 78.3% to 78.9%, and civic engagement from 102.2% to 101.8%.
    About 35 percent of black households and 31 percent of Hispanic households had zero or negative net worth in 2009,
    compared with 15 percent of white households. In 2005, the comparable shares were 29 percent for blacks, 23 percent for
    Hispanics and 11 percent for whites.

    The early Civil Rights struggles in the US ushered in an era of affirmative action in keeping with the obligations laid out by
    article 2. 2 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racism (CERD) which stipulates that “States Parties shall,
    when the circumstances so warrant, take, in the social, economic, cultural and other fields, special and concrete measures
    to ensure the adequate development and protection of certain racial groups or individuals belonging to them, for the
    purpose of guaranteeing them the full and equal enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.”.  

    However, contrary to CERD article 1.4 which states that these special measures “shall not be deemed racial discrimination”,
    the United States Supreme Court significantly undercut affirmative action in the landmark Bakke decision.  

    As the National Law Journal noted, by 2006, Michigan, California, Florida, Texas, and Washington had banned the use of
    race or sex in admissions considerations, despite the fact that Black percentage of all instructional faculty at the nation’s
    colleges and universities in 2003 was only 5.3% (while African Americans number over triple that percentage of the national
    population). The U.S. Department of Education reported in 2008 that Black faculty accounted for 5.4 percent of the total
    faculty at all degree-granting institutions, demonstrating that African Americans are making snail-like progress in winning
    greater faculty positions. More than a quarter-century ago, in 1981, blacks were 4.2 percent of all faculty in higher
    education, according to the Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. As the results released in August, 2011 of a recent
    college-admission test in the state of Illinois show, while 23 percent of whites were ready for college, the percentage of
    blacks that were ready was only 4 percent, less than one quarter of that figure.

    Despite this, the current and only Black Justice on the US Supreme Court opposes affirmative action on these same
    internationally illegal grounds of “reverse discrimination”.

    Clearly, adequate advancement of the African American national minority has not yet been achieved, and therefore the
    CERD  Article 1.4 stipulation authorizing the cessation of special measures “after the objectives for which they were taken
    have been achieved” is not applicable.
    To date, the United States has failed to enact the necessary or sufficient measures to secure the equal status of African
    Americans in American society.  Further action is incumbent upon it to fulfill its international legal obligations as it relates to
    the nondiscrimination rights of African Americans as protected in the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
    Discrimination.


An international NGO in consultative status with the United Nations
IHRAAM ACTIVITIES AT THE
UNITED NATIONS
The UN Human Rights Council
IHRAAM participates in the HRC's
UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW
scrutinizing state behavior in
relation to their legal human
rights obligations as signatories
to the international human rights
treaties.
Inter-American Commission
on Human Rights (IACHR)
See left.
The UN Permanent Forum
on Indigenous Issues (PFII)
Forum on Indigenous Issues scheduled
for May 7-3`, 2012
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